There are 10 recommendations for survivors of cancer of the mother, which should be followed more

Breast cancer, with 34,750 estimated cases before 2022, represents 29% of the total number of tumors in women. It is also the main cause of death for cancer and tumor with greater prevalence in Spanish women.

The good news is that advances in the prevention and treatment of these types of tumors have allowed more women to overcome the disease every time.

La que no es tan buena es que el aumento de la survivencia conlleva un major tiempo de exposición a problemas de salud relacionadas directo o indirectamente con este tumor y su tratamiento, muchos de los cuales pueden prevenirse adopting styles de vida más saludables.

However, the Health-EpiGEICAM study, promoted by the GEICAM Research Group on Breast Cancer (GEICAM), coordinated by researchers from the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), belonging to the National Center of Epidemiology (CNE) and the Area of Epidemiología del CIBER (CIBERESP) y financiado por la Asociación Española Contra el Cáncer, ha investigatedo si las mujeres survivientes del cáncer de mamma continúan con los habitos de prevention.

Datos muy mejorables

Surprisingly, they have concluded that many of them do not comply with some of the cancer prevention recommendations issued by the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Breast Cancer Survivors (WCRF/AICR).

En concreto, estas mujeres tienen poca adherencia a recomendaciones como limitar el consumo de carne roja y procesada y mantener una dieta rica en fibra.

Además, los resultados de este trabajo, publicados en la magazine Cancers, señalan que el complimento global de las recommendations es menor en survivientes con major educativo nivel y en mujeres con familiares de primera grado con cáncer de mamma.

The researchers also appreciate the differences in compliance with the individual recommendations according to the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of the participants.

Recomendaciones de prevention tras surpar un cancer de mama

In 2018, the WCRF/AICR updated its recommendations to reduce the risk of cancer, establishing 10 recommendations related to diet, physical activity and weight control:

  1. Tener un peso saludable.

  2. Realizar ejercicio físico de forma regular.

  3. Seguir una dieta equilibrazione, rica en granos integrales, fruits, verduras y legumbres.

  4. Limitar el consumo de fatas y azúcares.

  5. Limitar el consumo de carnes rojas y procesadas.

  6. Reduce the consumption of sugary drinks.

  7. Limited alcohol consumption.

  8. No usar dietary supplements to prevent cancer.

  9. After a diagnosis of cancer, follow these recommendations.

El 73% de las mujeres siguen la recommendation de tomar frutas y verduras

It investigates much about breast cancer, but despite the increase in the number of survivors of breast cancer, there is practically no scientific evidence on the level of knowledge and compliance with recommendations for women, we do not exist. potentially influential factors.

Hence the importance of this study in which 420 breast cancer survivors participated, all women, between 31 and 80 years old and with an average of 10 years since their initial diagnosis of breast cancer.

The participants responded to an epidemiological questionnaire and another food frequency questionnaire, and the clinical information was collected by the research teams of the participating hospitals.

Se definió una puntuación de 7 ítems para evaluar el cumplimento de las recommendaciones de 2018 del WCRF/AICR, según los criteria de puntuación previously established, y se calcularon determinadas variable statisticas de complimento moderate y alto según certain characteristics de las participants.

Los autores observaron una global moderated adherencia a las recommendations (4 puntos sobre 7).

  • Only 12% of survivors comply with the recommendation to limit the consumption of raw and processed meat

  • 22% comply with the recommendation to consume at least 30 grams of fiber daily.

  • Un 73% of the participants, but on the contrary, comply with the recommended consumption of fruits and vegetables.

The study also revealed differences in the fulfillment of specific recommendations according to the determined characteristics of these women.

Entre estas diferencias destaca que las mujeres trabajadoras realize less physical activity, una peor adherencia a las recomendaciones de limitar el consumo de carne y evitar el consumo de alcohol en las que tienen un major nivel de studios, o una major difididad para maintainer un peso saludable but parte de las mujeres con menor nivel educativo.

Aplicaciones del estudio Health-EpiGEICAM

Los resultados derivedas del estudio Health-EpiGEICAM pueden ser de interes para su integration en programas de prevención del cáncer.

Noticias relacionadas

In addition, the periodic evaluation of the degree of adherence to these recommendations can help assess the effectiveness of these programs and facilitate the personalization of attention to breast cancer survivors, thanks to the implantation of measures adapted to the characteristics of these patients.

Pero hay una utility mayor, todavía:

  • Improving adherence to WCRF/AICR recommendations would have an impact not only on the prognosis of breast cancer patients, but also on other diseases that share risk factors with this type of cancer.

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